Background information of drug resistant bacteria

About Antimicrobial Resistance

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Antibiotic resistance has spread around the world, and it's making some diseases, such as meningitis or pneumonia , more difficult to treat. You might need stronger, more expensive drugs. Or you might need to take them longer.

Why is antimicrobial resistance a global concern?

You also might not get well as quickly, or you could develop other health issues. Each year, an estimated 2 million people in the U. In some cases, these infections result in death.

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Antibiotic resistance happens when germs like bacteria and fungi develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them. That means the germs are not. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the Key facts. Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global.

Resistance also makes it more difficult to care for people with chronic diseases. Some people need medical treatments like chemotherapy , surgery, or dialysis , and they sometimes take antibiotics to help reduce the risk of infection. Its recommendations include:. Why You Should Care Antibiotic resistance has spread around the world, and it's making some diseases, such as meningitis or pneumonia , more difficult to treat.

Scope of the problem

Its recommendations include: Scientists should step up the development of new antibiotics and vaccines as well as diagnostic tests to identify drug-resistant bacteria. Public health officials should monitor antibiotic resistance and track its spread. Start Here.

Diagnosis and Tests. Prevention and Risk Factors.

Antimicrobial and antibiotic drug resistance: Causes and more

Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the U. Treatments and Therapies. Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics. Related Issues. Health Check Tools.

Videos and Tutorials. Statistics and Research. Clinical Trials. Article: HIV-1 subtype diversity, drug resistance, and genetic transmission networks in men Article: Antimicrobial resistance surveillance and prediction of Gram-negative bacteria based on antimicrobial This research emphasises the importance of infection control and ongoing genomic surveillance of antibiotic-resistant bacteria to ensure we detect new resistant strains early and act to combat the spread of antibiotic resistance.

The Growing Threat of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea

The second survey of the Enterobacteriaceae bacteria family across hospitals in Europe is currently being planned. The data generated is made available through MicroReact, a publicly-available, web-based tool developed by the Centre for Genomic Pathogen Surveillance. MicroReact will help researchers and healthcare systems to chart the spread of antibiotic resistance in pathogens like K.

Professor David Aanensen, co-lead author and Director of the Centre for Genomic Pathogen Surveillance, said: "Genomic surveillance will be key to tackling the new breeds of antibiotic-resistant pathogen strains that this study has identified.

Background

Currently, new strains are evolving almost as fast as we can sequence them. The goal to establish a robust network of genome sequencing hubs will allow healthcare systems to much more quickly track the spread of these bacteria and how they're evolving.

Materials provided by Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News.

Attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years caused by infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU and the European Economic Area in a population-level modelling analysis. ScienceDaily, 29 July Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.